A popular track and field event, pole vaulting demands agility and speed. The process of running and using a pole to vault over a barrier has a defined history from ancient times to modern day. A modern Olympic event from 1896, it has seen a revolution in terms of the technology and techniques used.
The occurrence of vaulting equipment began life in a world far from competitive game. There is evidence of practice by early Greeks and Egyptians, where warriors are portrayed as vaulting over walls. The strategic advantage of vaulting walls quickly has obvious benefits in tactical scenarios, with war being one of them. Early poles were made from tree limbs and bamboo.
In marshy areas poles were a practical means of helping people bypass natural barriers in Holland and several counties within the united kingdom. It certainly had cost and time saving benefits in comparison to bridges such as.
The first known competition flips the idea of pole vaulting as we see it now. It was based on distance covered rather than height. It was not until 1850 that the first elevation based pole vault competition started.
Bamboo was used in Olympic poles up to the Second World War. In the 1950’s sticks were beginning to be manufactured using fiberglass. This material resulted in the creation of flexible poles allowing vaulters to achieve greater heights. Wrapped with pre-cut sheets of fiberglass, contemporary poles are able to bend more easily under the compression experienced when an athlete takes off. In the last few years carbon fibre was added to the mix to make poles using a lighter weight. Because of this technology the Olympic gold winning height almost doubled in less than a century. In 1896 the winning height was 3.30 metres in contrast to the still world record of 6.14 metres set in 1994. The 6 metre barrier is a prestigious barrier to overcome for any pole vaulter.
Advances weren’t only made in the construction of the rod but also landing areas. As improvements in rod technology led to higher heights being attained, the landing areas started to use foam mats to minimize the risk of injury.
Pole vaulting was just introduced as an Olympic event for women in the millennium year.
Many children of today’s age are no longer into physical activities. Aside from eating unhealthy fare, a sedentary lifestyle has been pinpointed by these specialists as among the crucial factors behind this trend. What is even alarming is that this trend is no longer restricted among adults. Even young children are falling prey to such diseases.
If you are a parent and you wish to protect your children from these diseases, it’s not merely enough to clean up your family’s diet. Coaxing your young ones to get off the couch and momentarily leave the TV, the tablet computer and their gaming consoles offers several advantages. Playing in tennis courts, for example, can help a child become physically fit while enabling him to master various motor skills as he learns the rudiments of the game.
As he learns to love the game and constantly play it, he’ll be less likely to gain excess weight. According to some studies, active children often grow into adults who have regular weight. What’s more, other sporting activities such as rugby can help prevent a young child from developing type 2 diabetes.
Kids who get into physical actions at an early age carry the habit into adulthood. Apart from the physical benefits of outdoor play, children who participate in these activities become less stressed and are less likely to suffer from depression. This is particularly beneficial for children who might be often overburdened at school. Sports also impart several life lessons like discipline and concentration that prove to be valuable in different aspects of life.
Finally, young kids who engage in outside activities may develop leadership abilities which may benefit them when they become employed or start their own businesses. Children who regularly engage in sports and outdoor activities are also less likely to abuse alcohol and drugs. Being a part of a team enriches both their confidence and self-esteem.
Also, kids who play sports are more likely to perform well academically. Before you enroll your child in a sports program, it is worthwhile to choose one that he’s actually interested in. Otherwise, you may only be wasting your time and money. When he chooses one sport to his liking, make sure you give him encouragement. Help him achieve balance in a variety of aspects of his life, including his schoolwork and his actions at home by engaging him into sports such as playing tennis.
To begin the swim lesson that you want to allow the student get used to the water . The best way to do this is to sit on either the edge of the pool that is level with the water or a ledge that is slightly submerged in the water and kick with straight legs.
Then, the student must slide into the water and keep hold of the wall. Never teach holding ones breath. When the student is proficient at blowing bubbles have them extend their arms and reach their toes to the floor so that the head is totally submerged.
These techniques will progressively get harder by lessening how much you help the pupil.
The first technique is rocket ship and is also called streamline. The student sits on the border with their feet against the wall. Her arms have to be raised over her head and covering her ears with one hand on top of the other. Your hands on her stomach affirms the pupil and your hands holding her palms keeps the proper form. The student has to be blowing bubbles, unless she wants to breath, and kicking the entire time.
The second technique is to teach the student how to move his arms at a freestyle fashion while blowing bubbles and kicking. When the student has no knowledge of how to swim hold him around the waist with one arm and move his arm with your other hand. Verbally instruct him to blow bubbles and kick. As the student gets hold his waist and push him to the wall gradually increasing the distance.
The student must slide , hold the wall, and put his feet on the wall like he were squatting. Once your hand is behind his head and on his lower back have him push and kick. When the student can float on his own show and assist him how to do backstroke arms.
Once again the student has to slide in the water, but this time one hand holds the wall while the other is pointing in the opposite direction and her feet on the wall. Have her lay her head on her outstretched arm looking up at the ceiling, then push off the wall, and flutter kick. This technique in conjunction with big arms creates the freestyle stroke. To get to this position while doing big arms the student must roll her whole body and mind to face the ceiling. To roll back to large arms have the student push her own face into the water with the arm that is by her side and continue doing big arms.
The last action is jump because most pupils, which are normally young kids, love to jump in the water. Start by having the him leap from the side of the pool, then progress to a diving board; always feet and directly out from the wall. For those students that cannot swim yet, stand in the water into the side of him and hold your hands in the water before them. Once he is in the water turn him around and swim back into the wall. This action simulates falling into the water also teaches students not to panic and swim calmly back to the wall.
To the casual observer, every wave in the sea appears identical to the one that preceded it. One after another, they roll toward the coast, with little to distinguish them.
They’re more in tune with the sea and also recognize that many factors play a role. The existence or absence of any one of those factors has a substantial impact on their shape.
To surfers, it is both science and art, with character generating the energy necessary to mold the ocean to its will. The result is a range of breaks, swells, and waves that surf fans aspire to master. In the area below, we will introduce you to the different kinds and describe what makes them unique.
Every wave is due to solar energy, wind power, and the sea floor’s topography. The sun heats the ground, which generates wind. Momentum builds behind the ripples to finally form waves. At exactly the exact same time, the topography of the sea floor helps to give them shape.
Various Kinds of Swells And Breaks
A swell is a particular type of wave, generated by wind that blows across the sea’s surface over a vast area (measured in kilometers). The energy builds and ultimately forms swells, which affect surf conditions.
You have probably heard the term”groundswell.” This swell is created by winds blowing large weather patterns, like rainstorms. It travels long distances and holds considerable power.
Another is known as a wind swell. It forms as a result of local winds, and hence contains less vigour than a groundswell.
Swells continue to gain energy deep waters. But as they approach shallower waters, that energy is discharged through a surf break. This occurs when the bottom portion is no more able to support the top portion. It essentially collapses upon itself.
There are four types of surf breaks that are produced by contrasts: shore, point, reef, and shore. A beach break occurs when a wave makes contact with the sandy section of the sea floor; a stage when a wave hits a parcel of land; a reef when a wave reaches a coral reef or similar mass, and a shore break results when it approaches the shore.
The following waves are seen around the islands, in addition to other spots across the world. The quality of the wave varies by location.
Reforms break multiple times. This effect is the result of variations in the depth of the seabed.
Closeouts break all at once. Rather than breaking over a space, they do so in a single breath.
Crumbly waves are ideal for those people who are learning how to surf. They carry very little power and break softly.
Tubes are generally ridden by experts and skilled amateurs. They create barrels where the surfers ride. Most novices avoid them, and for good reason.
Recognizing the types of swells, breaks, and waves and understanding the mechanics behind how they’re created, can help you to better navigate them. You’ll find out how each one acts, and have the ability to employ the proper surfing methods to successfully ride them.
Having said that, nothing takes the place of experience.
With celebrated names like Peter Nicol, Jahangir Khan, Jonathan Power and Jansher Khan, squash is among the most popular games. The appeal of the game has grown tremendously and also a huge number of individuals desire to play it for competitive and workout reasons. However, it’s needed that everybody learn to play squash before them getting to the expert level.
When you desire to learn how to play squash, remember the fact that there is no instant approach for learning this game. However, it is possible to read many tutorials that might help with understanding the basics of the game and how to play it. If you want to become proficient in this game and develop a successful strategy, you shouldn’t limit yourself on how to play squash but you also have to practice it frequently. Other games like badminton can be played in your lawn, but squash requires a court and all of the equipment like squash rackets, ball and equipment.
Strategies for how to play squash:
To a beginner, squash seems about hitting the wall with a rubber ball. When you start to play the game practically, however, you will realize that although the fundamental premise of squash, the game is significantly more than that. Stamina and strength are the two most vital features in this game that may permit you to control your opponent. Listed here are several fundamental pointers that you may use when you learn to play squash:
Learn the rules of the game: Similar to every other game, there are several guidelines that govern the game of squash. So as to learn about these rules, you may browse through different resources on the world wide web, check your local library for a book or seek advice from a senior player.
Find a squash court: Squash basically requires a court to be played in. Perform research on the skillet in your local region and check if they need some type of membership to permit you to play. Usually local squash courts do not charge a high fee and may even offer you various packages.
Arrange for someone to play : Understand that squash requires 2 players and you may ask your friends or somebody else if they would want to play it with you. Alternatively, it would be wise to find someone experienced in the game, because they can direct you regarding how to play squash.
Start the rally: The two players alternately take turns to attack the ball against a large wall inside the squash court. The rally starts with a player serving the ball and proceeds since it bounces back from the wall to another player who hits it back to the wall.
If it exceeds past the red line, it’s considered out of court, while the bottom line is the service line. Make certain to bounce the ball from the quarter court that is opposite to the side where it was hit from. After the rally begins, you don’t have to consider the red lines. The rally continues until a point is scored.
The Scoring systems: There are just two scoring systems that have been utilized to adjudge squash games:
According to the rules, the machine receives a point when the player wins the rally while in the event the rally is won by the recipient, the player will just get the service with no points. Formerly, this scoring system was widely used in britain and commonwealth countries.
PARS: This is the official scoring system in squash known as the Point a Rally Scoring system or PARS. The game continues until one of the player achieves eleven points and it is vital that the winner has a minimum two point lead.
Refine your sport: If you would like to learn how to play squash on a more serious and professional degree, you may also find out about hiring a coach who can help you develop better technique for the game.
Playing softball competitively or recreationally requires a set of basic skills which include catching, throwing, fielding, hitting and base running. Even seasoned softball players must keep on drilling and practicing themselves on these skills in order to increase their performance.
The right catching skills allow a player not only to catch the ball without getting hurt but also to place him to throw the ball precisely. The ability to catch and throw a ball is quite important as this enables a player to throw out a baserunner who is trying to advance to the next base.
As previously mentioned, throwing is among the two most important defensive skills a player must learn in softball. A fast and accurate throw can make it hard for the opposing team to progress their runners or make a score. Softball players must practice the right throwing technique in order to hit their targets quickly, precisely and consistently.
Fielding is another essential defensive skill that a softball team has to master. Good team fielding makes it hard for the opposition to score runs. Players are drilled on the right means of fielding a ball that’s hit on the ground as well as in the air. Fielding drills also involve knowing where to throw the ball.
Hitting is probably the most challenging and fun skill to learn in softball. Hitting a little ball with a round bat out to a particular area – in the split of a second – is a technique that softball players must continually practice and perfect. A fantastic hit requires hand-eye coordination, fast reaction time, right technique and confidence.
Excellent base running isn’t just about speed, it is also about smart running. Even more important than simply moving around the bases is the wisdom to value the current game situation. A wily base runner takes into consideration the amount of workouts and the fielding placements of the resistance. Quick and smart base running places great pressure on the defensive team.
Have you ever thought about how difficult it’s to play soccer? People think it is a very simple sport in which to be a fantastic player all you will need to do is run around the field and kick the ball. Soccer is a much more complex game. It’s a sport that requires lots of practice in order to be a good player. Football takes time, dedication and responsibility. There are many players believed to be”born with the ability to play”, like Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo. However, those players, like many others defeated all what they have today by being extremely devoted to the sport and by constantly training hard.
Soccer is a game that involves plenty of skill. Not just footwork or ball control, but also being mentally prepared and willing to do your best.
• Rules – understanding the rules of the game is the most important thing before playing with it. The knowledge of what is right or wrong is the key to the success in football.
• Ball control – first thing to be noticed is if you’re good in controlling the ball. Despite the fact that a player has a great skill in dealing with the ball, practice is always needed to maintain and enhance them. If a player lacks from those skills, then definitely practice is much more required with much tougher work. The manipulation of this ball is a hard skill and is not fast to learn, it takes a long time to improve soccer skills. Ball control does not mean just using your legs, it involves the whole body. A player must have the ability to head the ball, and use the whole body, except hands, which can only be used by the keeper.
• Fitness – Soccer is a game that requires much more running than other sports. It’s essential to be in a good shape for a soccer player. All the running that you do throughout the game is exhaustive. So as to keep a great endurance and to perform their best throughout the whole game players must be in great shape. Nowadays, fitness is becoming more important than never to be a soccer player. As an example, a professional player runs around seven miles a game.
It consists on the way a determined team plays the game. There are lots of different types of formation. Usually, coaches choose the ones that they consider to be the best fit for their team based on which players they have. Thus, it’s essential to be knowledgeable about each formation, what is the part in the sport and where to be positioned within the field. Positioning is crucial for the formation. Players must know where to be positioned according to the group’s formation. If a participant fails to be in his/her correct position, the whole game can be negatively impacted.
There is not any end to excitement and you can always have something which will keep your adrenaline levels pumped up. 1 other way of doing this, and in a very efficient fashion is snowboarding.
Whether you’re a novice or an avid snowboarder, the concept of going snowboarding is a fairly cool one. Clad in a ski outfit from tip to toe, you’ll be exploring the hills in a whole new fashion. The way you will be working out your route through the downhills, lifts, and other lots of rails, rollers, and jumps will send shivers down the spine even for your onlookers. There is no telling how much you’re going to enjoy it yourself.
Since the beginning of this winter sport, various styles has been developed from time to time that had made it even more intriguing and challenging for heart skateboarders. The way you snowboard, the maneuvers you perform, and everything fall into a classification. Free riding is ubiquitously the most general term that covers all snowboarding styles. Other most famous designs are freestyle, alpine, slopestyle, rail-jam, etcetera.
The game attracts a huge quantum of people from all over the world. What makes this sport extraordinary is the danger that the players choose. Performing the stunts need a great quantity of skills and practice and any simple mistake might become a big accident. There are some really important spots around the world known for their exceptionally challenging tracks that attract snowboarders from various walks of life. These championships are held once in a year and is seen by competitors from all parts of the world. The game is as great to watch as play.
All you need for this sport is a skin-tight suit, few snowboarding gears, and a fearless attitude. There are many famous names who have made enormous in this game one of which is Darren Powell, an Australian who holds a Guinness record for attaining the highest speed of 125 miles on a snowboard.
An increasing number of men and women take up the sport each year, and chalets in Morzine and other popular ski destinations continue to be in high demand each year.
If you are among the many individuals tempted to try the game, but afraid you will not be able to pick this up as well as everybody else, or if you have skied before but ended up making a fool of yourself in public and therefore are reluctant to repeat the experience, do not despair. This article offers a few invaluable tips for first-time and beginner skiers – from broader and more general guidance to slightly more specialised hints. Having a quick skim through it before heading off to your vacation in one of the beautiful chalets in Morzine will make certain that a minimal quantity of people bear witness to you lying on your back near the peak of the piste!
The first step to enjoying your ski experience is making sure the sport is a fantastic fit for you. It’s no use persevering in something you don’t like, is there? Therefore, most experts recommend that you borrow or rent, rather than purchase, your gear, at least to the early phases of your’career’.
The tips of the skis should not cross whilst you are skiing – if this occurs, take them back to the rental shop and ask for shorter ones.
So far as boots are concerned, ensure they are comfortable, yet cozy. Your toes should be able to move freely, but your heel should NOT be able to come up, nor should your foot’slip’ around inside the boot once it is done up. Be sure that you take your time getting used to them before strapping on your skis, and get a sense of your skis before heading to the ski lift. Believe it or not, having enormous planks of wood strapped to your feet does affect your balance and movement!
Learning the basics
Once your gear is all sorted, it is time to learn the fundamentals. A couple of lessons might look after that, and most resorts renting chalets in Morzine will get a beginner’s skiing class for you, or provide themselves.
, changing direction and braking, all necessary to battle a skier’s most important foe – gravity. It is also important that you work in your stance, as a proper body position can be the difference between a respectable run and legs-in-the-air embarrassment! One good tip is to look where you want to go – if you look at the floor whilst moving, you’re most likely going to wind up on it.
Once you become a bit more comfortable with the fundamentals, you might want to try working on your own parallels. Only then should you venture out into difficulties such as mogul fields (bumpy pistes) or powder (deeper snow).
All in all, nobody leasing chalets in Morzine ought to be afraid to join their relatives or friends in a run down the slopes. As long as you master the basics and are somewhat competent you should be able to prevent embarrassment and injury.
Scuba diving is an exciting water sport. This course if taken on a full-time basis can be completed between 3-5 days. If a man or woman is doing it on a part-time basis, he can complete according to his convenience. People who understand this course while they’re on a holiday, prefer to do it full time.
This course trains you to learn the scuba diving techniques which will let you become an independent diver.
The basic stages involved in studying scuba diving are:
Stage 1: Understanding the concept of diving
Once you enroll for diving, you are given literature and DVDs to understand diving. You can study on your own or there’s the choice of classroom study. Online courses are also offered. Various institutes provide e-learning material for their students. The study material basically contains information about basic diving techniques, effects of diving on the body, diving safety, selection of diving equipment and its maintenance, etc.. After the conclusion of the program, a test is held. Passing the exam prepares you for the next stage.
After you understand the concepts of diving completely,you are ready to be trained in confined waters like a swimming pool or a calm beach. The first stage of underwater training is done in shallow waters where you are able to stand under water. After training, you will slowly gain the confidence of staying under water. Then you may venture into deeper waters that are restricted. As soon as you are comfortable under water, you are prepared for the next stage.
All the preparation finally culminates into achieving the main objective of scuba diving in open waters. Open water diving is diving in big seas or oceans. Initially, open water diving is done by going down with diving instructors. After a few such sessions, the person is prepared for independent scuba-diving.
Some training institutes provide the facility of’referral training’. Referral training is when you’re able to complete the concept and the confined water training stages at your house place, and have the flexibility to complete the open water stage at any location of your choice.
This sport isn’t very difficult to learn. After becoming a certified diver, you have the option of exploring the seas and oceans across the world. You can enjoy the gorgeous coral reefs and varied marine life underwater.
All of us know that cardio activities, like running, are fantastic for your health. Getting into a running routine will improve your well-being on numerous levels, both physically and mentally. The best thing to do would be to set a goal and then put together a running plan.
Even in case you don’t currently run at all, it can take as little as 6 months to train for these races. Most cities have 5K races on a regular basis, and they generally support good causes. Or, simply make it your goal to run 3.1 miles in 6 months. So, set your sites on a goal, and then follow this simple, 6-week training plan.
Start simply by choosing four days to run, or walk, 0.5 miles. If you choose to walk, do so at as fast a rate as you are comfortable with.
You should also plan to perform two days of light strength-building. Strength-building is extremely important when training for a race because it builds the muscles needed for continual running. You do not have to lift heavy weights and bulk up. The weight of your own body or, light, free weights, will be more than enough. You can do this in the comfort of your own home with free weights or a yoga mat, or, if you have access to a gym, use their machinery.
During this first week it is a good idea to also start adding healthy foods into your diet and this gives you energy as you run. Avoid greasy and heavy foods that can make you feel exhausted and drain your energy. Foods, like fruits, nuts, and vegetables are great for high nutrition energy.
Now that you’ve made it through your first week, up your mileage to 1 mile, three or four times weekly. Try to run the whole way if you can, even if it’s at a very slow pace.
Continue to strength-build double this week. Yoga is a excellent strength building activity as it is a complete body workout that many overlook. It’s also a great workout for runners, because it stretches the muscles out that tend to get tight, as you build your running distance.
Continue to incorporate healthy foods into your diet. Definitely eat when you are hungry, but remember that running one mile just burns 100 calories, so snack wisely.
Add another half mile to your run. You’re up to 1.5 miles today!
Continue to strength-build twice a week. You may want to add core exercises, such as planking, or sit-ups.
Continue to incorporate healthy foods to your diet. Make sure to drink plenty of water before and after you workout.
Just three short weeks ago you couldn’t run at all. You can now boost your mileage to 2 miles, three times each week.
Continue to strength-build twice a week. Attempt to board for 45 seconds.
Think about making good tasting post-workout smoothies. All you need is frozen fruit, a liquid, such as fruit juice, or milk, and your good to go. Also consider adding greens into your smoothie, like spinach, or kale – they are jam-packed with anti-oxidants.
Almost there! Boost your mileage up to 2.5 mph. Now that you are going longer distances make certain to stretch very well before, and after, each exercise.
Continue to strength-build twice a week. Try to plank for 60 seconds.
Try to replace them by drinking organic coconut water, which is high in potassium. Potassium is an essential electrolyte for runners.
Now you’re ready for the final leg of your practice. You are up to 3 miles this week! Try to run 3 times this week, providing yourself a break day and two strength-building days.
Continue to eat healthful foods. A day, or two, until the race, make sure that you don’t eat anything too heavy, or out-of-the-ordinary. You don’t want to have to deal with an upset stomach on race day.
Hopefully, after finishing your 6 weeks of instruction, you feel great, both inside and out. Running can truly be transformative. Don’t stop at 5K. Or, if you’re feeling more ambitious, you may set your goals higher and begin to train for a 10K (6.2 miles) and, possibly even a Half Marathon (13.1 miles). Just continue to increase your mileage and pay attention to your runner’s diet and you’ll reach your next goal in no time!
Most people know now that private financing will be getting tighter and tighter. Everything is going up in cost, including art materials. How are we to keep painting, whether we’re selling our job or not? There are various ways in which costs can be kept down. This article aims to explore and find out what some of them are. Online Shopping (and really offline). If you purchase from several online suppliers as I do, you will be on their mailing lists. When discounts are operating, it is an excellent time to buy things which are normally quite expensive, such as oil paints or quite heavy-weight watercolour paper. If you can stretch your handbag, consider larger tubes of paint (like 200ml) especially oils and especially if they’re the more expensive colors. The top brands will last for years (unless you are painting enormous yacht-sail canvases). EBay is worth a punt, but note that many sellers are very conscious of what things normally go for and, although their costs may appear lower, they then need to add the postage on. A tube of paint priced #2 or so lower than the norm may not end up being much of a saving by the time you’ve paid #3 postage for that single item. Having said this, if you trawl frequently through the art supplies segments, you can come across bargains. I once purchased a full set of Daler-Rowney pastel pencils for almost half-price, simply because the firm had made alterations to the pastel formula and had ceased the current boxes of pencils. Likewise there are branded paints which are actually very good quality, but are not household names to the majority of people… these sometimes come up for sale and can be obtained with no rival bids simply because most individuals aren’t familiar with them. If you sell your work, you’ll probably prefer artist-grade paintbut it’s not unusual to find professional artists picking certain student-grade colors for their work simply because they like the colour or the handling of the paint. Student grade paints in the big names are usually excellent value; particularly in acrylics, where they frequently come in large volume. Canvases. Piles of canvases come from several areas in the East these days. You can buy whole boxes of them at discounted prices from online providers, including eBay. The 1 thing I’d note is the build quality. Many are OK; but some are poorly constructed. I have had”square” canvases appearing anything but square. What happens is that if one stretcher-bar is slightly more than the rest, a perfect square or rectangle isn’t obtained. The resulting canvas looks absolutely awful when hung on the wall and it is not fit for purpose… even if you ARE a penny-pinching artist. Dud canvas? Cut off the canvas and use it to make a panel; or just practise on. Better still, invest in a whole roll of canvas. Expensive outlay but you’ll have the ability to cut off exactly what you want, if you want, and prepare it as you wish… and it may last you only years. Another way to save is to use canvas-boards. A lot of professional artists prefer them. Canvas-boards are made from compressed card overlaid with a proper sheet of adequate quality canvas and glued in place. They last for a long time; I still have canvas-board paintings from the 1970’s and they’re absolutely fine. You can buy boxes of them from some online suppliers and eBay isn’t a bad place to look either. And even cheaper… MDF Offered in several thicknesses, the 3mm and 4mm sizes prove popular. Easily cut into any size (and shape) that you want, MDF needs sealing and priming before use. Remember the edges also. If you reduce your own, use a dust mask, MDF does produce a good deal of flying particles. However, MDF isn’t quite as secure as people believe. There is a problem sometimes with what is known as substrate-induced discolouration (SID). There are a few solutions on the artists’ marketplace that will deal with this. Conservation experts aren’t convinced about the long-term stability of MDF, but most people are not necessarily going to be painting masterpieces that need to last for a few hundred years. Properly prepared, MDF is fine. Some artists find it’s too smooth for their liking. Additionally it is possible to prepare a panel and then paste proper canvas around itthis may offer the additional tooth that some favor. And really really cheapskates… Paper It’s possible to paint oils on watercolour paper as long as you prime the surface , acrylic gesso is best. This forms a barrier, preventing (or certainly delaying) destruction of this paper by the oils. Just how long it lasts for, I really don’t know but I would suggest not generating too many masterpieces this way; just to be on the safe side. Acrylics on watercolour paper don’t cause a problem. There are now special papers offered for oil-painting; these seem the same as watercolour paper but have been specially treated to handle the harmful properties of oil-paint. They aren’t always cheap per sheet… but… a whole sheet for six or seven pounds will cut up into whatever size you need, and you’ll get several work surfaces for the money. Hardboard. I am not sure about this one. The perfect hardboard is one without oils in it (untempered) but I have no means of telling you from the other. If you use it, sand the surface first, use SID therapy and give several good coats of primer. Attempt to use artists’ primers instead of those from a DIY shop. It’s possible to make quite good panels by gluing sections of cotton shirts or old bedsheets on MDF or hardboard. Use pva or an acrylic medium to perform the sticking. Wrap the material over the borders and fix to the trunk, before adding a primer to the surface. Acrylics can be painted onto plastic surfaces, opening up many ideas for using acrylic-sheet, perspex and other similar substances. Among the best places to trawl is, again, eBay, look for offcuts or someone promoting panels. Other Media… Watercolour. Fantastic quality watercolour paper could be costly. So why not consider the lightweight papers such as 90lb? I’ve read about artists spreading water on each side of their 90lb paper and just letting it stand flat–without any taping– into a very clean smooth board like formica or marble (an old kitchen work-surface would probably do). The sheet stays in place for a reasonable length of time. Other people don’t tape it, but simply place bulldog-style clips to affix it to a board, allowing the paper to stretch, cockle and then dry again without fiddly taping. Pastels There are options for creating a variety of surfaces that will make you less dependent on”ready-done” papers. Gritty or grainy papers are extremely popular now for pastel work. You can create your own tiled surfaces using several materials along with a kettle of pastel-primer paint. There’s a trend to using MDF also, painted and ready with a gritty primer. Even plastics and metal will hold a proprietary pastel-primer. Otherwise, paint the surfaces with clear acrylic gesso. This medium actually has a fantastic tooth and a few coats will probably give you all the grip you need. If you’re keen you can buy a bag of 4fine-grade pumice stone and mix it with white gesso, to paint on your surfaces. I’ve known people use sandpaper from the hardware store; yes it will work, but the newspaper isn’t acid-free. Pastel is however a dry medium, so if you truly want to be experimental then get yourself a sheet or two of fine-grade sandpaper. Avoid the rougher grades, the grain will eat your pastels in minutes. Eventually… PAINT SMALLER! The main thing is that you have the ability to find ways of maintaining your skills alive when money is a bit tight. If you can paint,… or even just DRAW… during those times, you’ll have a group of work ready to sell when the dark clouds draw out and things improve again.
You should not binge on wine. In other words, if you take one or two units of wine on a daily basis, it may give some advantages for your cardiac health. Some people today say that red wine is more beneficial than other kinds of wines. Nonetheless, this is a controversial topic. Let’s look at some facts and discover if wine is good for you. Whether you are a woman or man, we recommend that you drink 14 units per week, not over that. It’s a fantastic idea to spread the drinks over a period of 3 days. So, before you remove your wine collection, know that wine, especially the red wine, offers some anti-oxidants such as resveratrol and quercetin. These antioxidants help you prevent certain diseases. The Advantages of Red Wine According to scientists, red wines feature a great deal of antioxidants and polyphenols. In general, the darker the liquid, the higher the amount of antioxidants. A professor suggested that another varieties of red grape had lots of antioxidants, such as petit syrah, syrah, zinfandel and merlot, just to mention a few. Aside from this, research studies found that white wine also offers some health benefits. Binge drinking Alcohol Concerns states that 9 million residents of England consume a lot of wine. Because of this, you are at a greater risk of heat disorders, such as stroke and high blood pressure. This is beside the point if you are a part of a high-risk group or not. If you are in your 20s, binging on wine may lead to osteoporosis down the road. Moreover, drinking too much of wine can result in a negative impact on your brain. As a matter of fact, it can cause lots of health problems, such as liver diseases, diminished libido, nerve damage, muscle damage and menstrual issues. In the UK, around 4% of cancer patients get the disorder due to drinking too much alcohol. This suggests that people who have a tradition of drinking 4 or more units of wine are more prone to mouth, oesophagus, and larynx cancer. However, a physician at the Danish National Health Institute says that people who consume a moderate amount of wine are not as likely to get cancer or coronary diseases. The takeaway Based on the research studies and the opinions of doctors, it is safe to say that wine does provide some health benefits. However, taking too much of it on a regular basis isn’t a good idea. In other words, you might have a lot of medical problems, such as cancer. Therefore, you may not want to consume a great deal of wine on a regular basis.
It seems like we have been waiting forever for electric cars to come along, but after more false starts than you’ll see in the London Olympics this season, it looks like the electric car is finally here to stay.
Now, we need to begin with some dull terminology: A true electric car (EV, for Electric Vehicle) has no gasoline engine as backup, so you’re reliant on the batteries having enough charge to get you to where you need to go. The Nissan Leaf is the best-known (and best) electric car currently on sale.
A regular hybrid uses an electric motor or a gas motor, depending on the conditions. You do not plug it into a wall socket as the batteries charge while you’re driving. A typical journey, even a short one, will use both petrol and electric power to drive wheels.
A plug-in hybrid,”range-extending” electric car, is more of a fancy hybrid compared to a true EV although it drives more like an EV than a regular hybrid. In practice it might be a enormous difference or none whatsoever, depending on how you use the vehicle. A range-extender, or plug-in hybrid as it’s more commonly known, has a gas engine that could be used to power the electric motor when the batteries have drained, but the petrol engine doesn’t directly drive the wheels. The Vauxhall Ampera/Chevrolet Volt twins are the leading example of this kind of car, and they assert an urban fuel consumption of 300mpg (yep, that’s three hundred.
A car running on an electric engine is normally very quiet (eerie quiet or a distant hum instead of a clearly perceptible gas engine) and smooth (no vibrations from engine or gearbox). The response from the car away from rest is both immediate and strong, as electrical motors generate huge amounts of torque instantly. They are quiet from the exterior to, to such an extent that the EU is contemplating making audible warnings mandatory in the future as pedestrians simply won’t hear an electric car coming.
Concerning exciting handling, electric cars are normally not brilliant, it must be said. They tend to be very heavy and usually run tyres & wheels more beneficial for economy than handling. However, as a commuter vehicle around town, they are zippy and productive. Plus they create less noise, pollution and heat to the street so a traffic jam of Nissan Leafs in the city would be a lot more pleasant for passing pedestrians.
The batteries on a typical electric car only give it enough scope for several miles (although a true EV will have a larger battery pack as it does not have to match a petrol motor & gas tank too ), so the cars use various means to charge the battery while driving. Usually this involves converting kinetic energy from coasting and braking to electric energy to store in the batteries.
In a fully electric car that means you have to stop and charge the batteries, so hopefully you parked near a power socket somewhere and have several hours to find something else to do. In a hybridvehicle, the petrol engine will start up to provide the power. In a normal hybrid such as a Prius, the automobile effectively becomes a normal petrol car, albeit with a fairly underpowered engine pushing a heavy car around so it is not swift. In a’range extender’ like the Ampera/Volt, the gas engine provides energy to the electric motor to drive the wheels, which is more efficient in both performance and economy. Depending on how you are driving, any spare energy from the petrol engine can be used to charge up the batteries , so the car may switch back to electrical power once charging is complete.
So what exactly does this mean in real life?
Well, just how much of the subsequent driving do you do? We are assuming here that the batteries are fully charged when you put off.
Short excursions (<50 miles between charges).
These sort of journeys are ideal for electric cars and plug-in hybrids, as the batteries will deal with the entire journey and also get some charge as you drive. A regular hybrid will still have to use the petrol engine, although how much depends on how you drive it and how much charging it’s able to get along the way.
These are the sorts of trips that provide EV drivers plenty of stress, since the traffic conditions may indicate you run out of juice before you make it to your charging point. A plug-in hybrid or regular hybrid will be OK because they can call on the gas engine. In a standard hybrid, this means the car will be petrol powered for the majority of the journey. In a plug-in hybridvehicle, it’ll be mostly electric with the petrol engine kicking into top up the batteries if needed late in the travel.
Longer trips (100+ miles between charges)
Not feasible in a fully-electric car, as you’ll most likely run out of power before you get there. The regular hybrid is basically a petrol car for almost the whole journey and the plug-in hybrid is majority electric but supplemented by petrol in a far more efficient manner than a regular hybrid.
Let us summarise the three Kinds of electrically-powered cars:
PROS: cheaper, no charging required, no range anxiety, regular petrol engine makes it feel like a regular petrol car
CONS: just very short journeys (a few miles at best) will be completely electrical, small battery pack and weak petrol engine means relatively poor performance compared to a normal gas car or a fully electric car, poor economy when pushed hard (like most Prius minicabs in London…), not very spacious for passengers and luggage due to carrying gas and electric powertrains in one car
Fully electric car (EV) (eg – Nissan Leaf)
PROS: strong electric motor gives much better performance than a regular hybridvehicle, bigger battery pack means longer electrical running, no petrol engine reduces weight and frees up a lot of space, #5000 government lien, power is cheaper and generally less polluting than petrol, privileged parking spaces in some public places
CONS: Still expensive despite rebate, minimal range capability due to lack of gas engine backup, leading range anxiety is a real problem for motorists, question marks over battery life, technology advances will make next generation massively better and hurt resale value, a few driving adaptation required, lengthy recharging required after even a moderate drive
PROS: powerful electric motor and backup petrol engine provide best combination of range and performance, most journeys will be completely electric which is cheaper than gas, no range anxiety, privileged parking spaces in certain public places
CONS: Very expensive despite rebate, question marks over battery life and resale value, wall socket charging remains slow, lack of space and quite heavy because of having petrol engine and fuel tank in addition to electric motor and batteries.
Electric Car Economics – Why is it all worth it?
For most people, an electric vehicle is difficult to justify on pure hard-headed economics. Even with a #5,000 rebate from the government, an electric car is expensive. A Nissan Leaf starts at #31,000, so after the government gives you #5K you’ve spent #26K on a car which would be likely worth about #15K if it had a normal petrol engine. That could conceivably buy you a decade’s worth of fuel!
Purchasing a hybrid or electric car because you think you are helping the environment might not be helping that cause as much as you believe, if at all. Producing automobile batteries is a filthy and complicated process, and the net result is that there is a significantly higher environmental impact in building an electric or hybrid car than building a normal petrol or diesel car. So you are beginning behind the ecological eight-ball before you have even driven you fresh green vehicle.
Beware of”zero emissions” claims about electric vehicles, because most electricity still comes from fossil fuel sources (like gas or coal) rather than renewable sources, so you’re still polluting the atmosphere when you drive, albeit not as much and the effects are not as noticeable to you.
The biggest electric car turn-off for car buyers (other than the high purchase price) is the joint problem of very limited variety and very slow recharging. In a petrol or diesel car, you can drive for a few hundred miles, pull into a gas station and five minutes later you are ready to drive for another few hundred miles. In an electric car, you drive for 50-100 miles, then have to stop and charge it for several hours to drive another 50-100 miles.
If you just take short journeys and can keep the car plugged in if it stops (usually at home or work), this might never be a problem. But you can not expect to jump in the car and drive a couple hundred miles, or get away with forgetting to plug the car in immediately after a journey. You have to be far more disciplined in terms of planning your driving, and allow for recharging. Away from home this remains a big problem as there are relatively few power sockets available in public parking areas for you to use.
A plug-in hybrid like the Vauxhall Ampera/Chevrolet Volt gets round the range anxiety problem, as does a normal hybrid such as a Toyota Prius, but you are carting a petrol engine (and fuel) around all the time that you may not need, adding hundreds of kilos of weight and consuming lots of space, so it’s a compromise.
So as you can see from all the above, it’s not at all straightforward. You need to carefully consider what sort of driving you will be doing and what you need your vehicle to be able to do.
*there is a complicated technical argument about whether the Ampera/Volt’s gasoline engine directly drives the wheels under certain conditions, but it is really boring and doesn’t really make any difference to how the car drives.
Stuart Masson is founder and owner of The Car Pro, a London-based independent and impartial car buying agency for anyone looking to get a new or used car.
Originally from Australia, Stuart has had a passion for cars and the automotive industry for almost thirty years, and has spent the last seven years working in the automotive retail industry, both in Australia and in London.
Stuart has combined his extensive knowledge of all things car-related with his own experience of selling automobiles and delivering high levels of customer satisfaction to bring a unique and personal car buying agency to London. The Car Expert offers specific and tailored advice for anyone looking for a new or used car in London.
For hundreds of years Native Americans and Mountain Men have used tomahawks and axes for hunting, chopping firewood, and protection, they might be used for leisure pleasure. Using these basic skills you are able to learn how to chuck everything from an ax into a machete, although machete throwing seriously is not suggested.
Before beginning throwing your hatchet or tomahawk, you will need a good target. The best goal is cut rounds from a fallen tree stacked like a pyramid. The larger the target, the easier it will be to learn how to throw a hawk. The wood needs to be soft so the blade of the ax or tomahawk can go through without difficulty and”stick” in the logs, so consequently elderly is quite often greater.
To start throwing tomahawks you should find the starting place to throw from. From this variety the tomahawk, hatchet, or ax should be undertaking 1 revolution till it gets to the mark. The space is determined by just how long the handle is. The very best tomahawk created for throwing is one with a handle from 16 – 20 inches, but it’s easily possible to throw anything at all with the right form. Smaller handles require a shorter time to do a revolution in comparison with a bigger handle. So begin a bit closer for those that have a sorter handle. This is the reason the distance is dependent on the duration of the tomahawk. So don’t worry if you miss the very first couple of occasions it is going to take a wile to adapt to the appropriate range.
Tomahawks are incredibly simple to throw; they are as easy as tossing a stone or stick. Support the handle at the end so that the base of your hand is flush with the base of the tomahawk handle. While swinging your arm forward, keep your wrist locked strait and then release the grip letting it glide easily from your hand; follow trough with your arm while still keeping your wrist locked. It’s not vital to throw with a lot of power before you have mastered the art. When pitching the tomahawk, if you flick your wrist in any way rather than keep it strait, the hawk will over rotate rather than stick in the target. If you realize that you cannot stick the tomahawk or axe after a couple of tries, be certain that you are maintaining your wrist locked. With luck and plenty of practice you may put it each and every time like a pro. Bear in mind that a tomahawk, axe, machete,or hatchet isn’t a toy and must be treated with respect because it’s a deadly weapon. Be secure enjoy yourself.
The Game of Croquet was originally launched into the World by John Jaques II in the Great Exhibition of England in 1851. The effect of the introduction of this friendly but competitive sport was instantaneous and it soon became a”must have” lawn recreation not only in England but across Europe and the British Empire, instantly becoming a familiar British Trait. This was especially true of India. The Jaques Croquet Set was the first croquet set that closely resembles the croquet sets around now.
The Awesome achievement of this Jaques Croquet Set at the Great Exhibition led to John Jaques being awarded the Gold Medal.
After the global uptake of the Game of Croquet, a very extravagant Jaques Croquet Collection was introduced to The Viceroy of India, an extremely keen advocate of Croquet, and comprised a Croquet Mallet made of solid ivory (not especially pc today but really impressive at the time). Various other Croquet sets were developed and produced by Jaques and Sons and could nevertheless be obtained today.
These regulations (with some alterations ) even now cover the game of Croquet as it is played currently.
A set of croquet mallets and hoops from Jaques was quickly in the proud possession of several families, clubs and associations. Numerous Croquet Associations are established all over the world, the headquarters of the governing body has become primarily located in Cheltenham in Gloucestershire, England.
Jaques Croquet Equipment
The production technique has changed very little in over 150 years of creating some of the finest Croquet equipment sets. Croquet Mallets, handmade from attractive wood, including English Ash and Lignum Vitae, are laid down in”stick” for many years (usually more than five) to ensure they’ve matured to a point acceptable for a Jaques Croquet Game Set. As every Jaques Croquet Mallet will take in excess of three hours of work for one of their experienced craftsmen to complete, those people fortunate enough to own a Jaques Croquet Set know that they have quality Croquet Equipment, lovingly made by specialists and built to last.
There are countless croquet institutions all around the world with lots of in England. Membership is rising with approval increasing with the young age classes. A certain amount of fitness is needed to play the game but it’s excellent for all the family, young and old alike.
There are two sorts of competition that may be performed – golf croquet and association croquet.
Compared with Association Croquet, Golf Croquet has easier guidelines and is more interactive (each turn is merely a single stroke), nonetheless it usually takes a similar quantity of accuracy and tactical awareness.
The competitors follow a path contesting each hoop in turn; as soon as 1 hoop is scored all players proceed to tackle the next – a simple idea that results in rich tactical thinking.
A stone that’s believed to have been used in the game has been discovered that dates completely back in 1511. Two pieces of art from 1565 which were painted by Pieter Bruegel the Elder series Dutch peasants actively playing the game. In early days there is no exceptional stone used so there is not a great deal of command over the throw. By 1807 the game had spread to North America.
There’s specific equipment that’s required for curling. First thing you’ll need is the rock. They weigh among 38 and 44 pounds and is made from refined granite. There’s a handle connected to the top.
The 2nd item of equipment that is needed is the broom. It is employed to clean out the way for the rock once it has been launched. The object is to give the stone as sleek a route as you possibly can on which to journey. Lastly, special footwear is required for the sport. The thrower could also purchase exceptional pants which supports him to travel farther before releasing the rock.
The game of curling is a simple game but folks take it quite seriously. It is played on ice and a giant rock is sent towards the goal. You want to make sure that your stone is positioned much better than your opponent’s stone.
After the stone is released by the thrower another 3 members of the team, the”sweepers”, frantically sweep the ice so as to handle the direction of the stone. Contact with the rock isn’t authorized. The idea is to produce a clean path for the rock to follow. If it knocks the other team’s stone from place, the better. Whoever wins more ends wins the match.
In previous times few decades curling has received a good deal more value because of the Winter Olympics. It’s one of the few sports where age doesn’t matter, often the earliest athletes at the Winter games will be the curlers. The Olympics have caused curiosity about the game to peek and there are currently clubs all around the world.
Due to the Olympics individuals of all ages have discovered a love for the game. There are leagues focused on everything from children to senior citizens. Men and women equally love power balance. There are special leagues for the handicapped.